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The Electrotherapy Guide is geared up toward new graduates, students, or professionals looking for a handy reference guide whilst out and about treating horses.


PVP has compiled a guide to help steer you though the various modailities available, what they can be used for, and which settings would be approrpiate. This guide contains the most commonly used settings, treatment times, and calculations to formulate treatment plans.


Modalities Included;


  • PEMF (Pulse Electro Magnetic Field)
  • NMES (Neuro Muscular Electro Stimulation) 
  • Ultrasound (Longwave and Shortwave)
  • LASER (Class 3b and 4)
  • Low Level LASER Therapy (Red Light, Blue Light, Infrared LED devices)
  • TENS (Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation)
  • Micro-Current
  • Indiba


This guide is also available in a hard-copy (A5 laminated version for keeping in your kit bag) 


Guide To Electrotherapy - E-Book Version

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